How could the federal government and state governments make it easier to fill out tax returns?
Individuals who don't own businesses spend tens of billions of dollars each year (in fees and time) filing taxes. Most of this is unnecessary. The government already has most of the information it asks us to provide. It knows what are wages are, how much interest we earn, and so on. It should provide the information it has on the right line of an electronic tax return it provides us or our accountant. Think about VISA. VISA doesn't send you a blank piece of paper each month, and ask you to list all your purchases, add them up and then penalize you if you get the wrong number. It sends you a statement with everything it knows on it. We are one of the only countries in the world that makes filing so hard. Many companies send you a tentative tax return, which you can adjust. Others have withholding at the source, so the average citizen doesn't file anything.California adopted a form of the above -- it was called ReadyReturn. 98%+ of those who tried it loved it. But the program was bitterly opposed by Intuit, makers of Turbo Tax. They went so far as to contribute $1 million to a PAC that made an independent expenditure for one candidate running for statewide office. The program was also opposed by Rush Limbaugh and Grover Norquist. The stated reason was that the government would cheat taxpayers. I believe the real reason is that they want tax filing to be painful, since they believe that acts as a constraint on government programs.
Does the federal government ever contract out work to individuals instead of companies?
The distinction you seem to be making is whether or not you have a business license. If you have a business license, even as a sole proprietor, (meaning you're the only employee as well as owner) you are a business.No, the federal government does not write up contracts with people that don't have a valid business license, generally. It would be pretty risky to attempt such a venture.Yes, some people get contracts with the government directly. One example I can give you is at the department of revenue in my state. They have a cafeteria section which is subcontracted out to a lady who runs it. Essentially, she has the contract to provide the employees with snack food and drinks (800 employees in the one building) and in return she rents the space from DOR.
What is the total number of federal applications, documents, or forms from all the departments of government that US citizens are required by law to fill out?
I am not an American. But it would depend on the person's circumstances. How much do they earn? If you earn little then you don't need to file a tax return. How do they earn it? Self employed or employed?Do they travel? You need a passport.How long do they live? - if they die after birth then it is very little. Do they live in the USA?What entitlements do they have?Do they have dialysis? This is federally funded.Are they on medicaid/medicare?.Are they in jail or been charged with a crime?Then how do you count it? Do you count forms filled in by the parents?Then there is the census the Constitution which held every ten years.
Is it possible to incorporate with other individuals, leaving the state and federal governments out of the contract?
Impossible. ONLY the state has to ability to approve articles of incorporation in the USA.
Product development - How do we reach developers to fill out a survey?
Are you able to build a feedback loop into a trial/demo version and offer the demo to the market to try out?
How do I get updates about the government jobs to fill out the form?
Employment news is the best source to know the notifications published for govt job vacancy. The details are given in the notices. The news available on net also. One can refer the news on net too. It is published regularly on weekly basis. This paper includes some good article also written by experts which benefits the students and youths for improving their skill and knowledge. Some time it gives information regarding carrier / institution/ special advance studies.